Discover how to get rid of mosquito bites.
Mosquitoes are the enemies of our summer evenings and nights and of our nature walks. Their bites cause itching, redness, and pain.
How do treat and relieve them quickly? What to do to avoid them? What are the signs to worry about? We tell you all about mosquito bites.
Sunny days are back. Mosquitoes too! They rage at the slightest area of bare skin and even through clothing. But what causes those itchy red pimples after a mosquito bite? You should know that it is only female mosquitoes that bite humans.
They need blood to reproduce. Indeed, when it bites us, the mosquito pumps a little of our blood and at the same time injects its saliva containing an anticoagulant. It is precisely this saliva that causes a mild inflammatory reaction that causes the mosquito bite.
Before relieving the itching caused by the bite, disinfect the area. Apply soap and water or an antiseptic solution. This step is very important because it helps prevent infection of the bitten area in the event of intensive scratching that has caused a lesion.
Our nails are carriers of bacteria that can penetrate under the skin at the slightest wound. Once the bite has been disinfected, you can apply a soothing treatment to relieve the itching.
Mosquito bites almost always cause itching. In question, histamine is a substance that our body naturally secretes in response to the injection of mosquito saliva. The itching sensation is felt quickly and intensifies for several minutes after the bite.
The urge to scratch then becomes uncontrollable. Bad idea! Frantically scratching a mosquito pimple increases the itching sensation and can cause irritation or sores leading to infection. Here are some simple natural reflexes to immediately relieve the discomfort associated with mosquito bites:
•Pass a compress soaked in cold water or an ice cube. The cold effectively relieves the itching, but not for long;
•Use a compress soaked in hot water or a hot tea bag. Heat has a soothing effect on inflammation and pain;
•Apply essential oils known for their soothing properties. We think of essential oils of peppermint, aspic lavender, clove, eucalyptus, or even chamomile. The choice is wide! Place one to two drops on a tissue, then apply to the mosquito bite;
•Apply some menthol-based gel. Its cold effect will relieve itching. The products indicated against the feeling of heavy legs generally contain menthol. Test the product on the arm before applying it to the mosquito pimple to check that you are not allergic to it;
•Consider aloe vera gel. Aloe vera is known for its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties;
•Apply a compress soaked in apple cider vinegar and water to the bite. Vinegar contains acetic acid, a natural antiseptic that instantly calms itching;
•Rub the bite with leaves of plants with soothing and antihistamine properties: plantain, mint, parsley, or even dandelion.
You may also read: How to get rid of moth
The first thing to do to avoid getting bitten is to avoid areas where mosquitoes like to breed as much as possible. Stay away from areas with standing water. These small insects like heat and humidity.
The second reflex to adopt in summer: apply a repellent solution to your skin before going out or before going to bed with the window open. Opt for a product whose effectiveness lasts several hours, is suitable for all geographical areas, and is recommended for use both indoors and outdoors.
Preferably choose non-toxic natural products such as lemon eucalyptus essential oil, geranium essential oil, or even fresh lemon balm leaves.
The choice of your clothes is also important. Opt for bright, loose-fitting clothes. Mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors and can bite through tight-fitting clothing.
Finally, to protect against mosquitoes inside homes, the mosquito net hung on windows and around beds, remains an effective prevention solution.
We are not all equal when it comes to mosquito bites. Some people get bitten more than others. Scientists have found several explanations for this phenomenon:
•The carbon dioxide (CO2) we exhale attracts mosquitoes. The insect can detect it from more than 10 meters away. This is why people who reject a lot of them are their favorite targets. We think in particular of pregnant women, who reject more CO2 than other people;
•Body odors. Mosquitoes love the smell of urine, sweat, and the smell of sweat after drinking beer. The substances that compose them (ammonia, lactic acid, or even butyric acid) attract mosquitoes.
Mosquito bites are most often benign. They cause itching, redness, and sometimes a slight pain which subside and disappear after two or three days. So nothing to worry about. On the other hand, certain signs should alert after an insect bite. If the sting causes painful swelling, it may be an allergic reaction. Put on ice and see a doctor who will prescribe corticosteroids and antihistamines.
In the most severe cases (very rare), the mosquito bite can cause anaphylactic shock. The face then begins to swell with a risk of suffocation. You have to go to the emergency room immediately.